Conteùdo de sensagent
1.the income received by a single individual
2.the financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time
3.Use for income of individuals or undertakings, otherwise use national income.
1.(MeSH)Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
IncomeIn"come (?), n.
1. A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion. [Obs.] Shak.
More abundant incomes of light and strength from God. Bp. Rust.
At mine income I louted low. Drant.
2. That which is caused to enter; inspiration; influence; hence, courage or zeal imparted. [R.]
I would then make in and steep
My income in their blood. Chapman.
3. That gain which proceeds from labor, business, property, or capital of any kind, as the produce of a farm, the rent of houses, the proceeds of professional business, the profits of commerce or of occupation, or the interest of money or stock in funds, etc.; revenue; receipts; salary; especially, the annual receipts of a private person, or a corporation, from property; as, a large income.
No fields afford
So large an income to the village lord. Dryden.
4. (Physiol.) That which is taken into the body as food; the ingesta; -- sometimes restricted to the nutritive, or digestible, portion of the food. See Food. Opposed to output.
Income bond, a bond issued on the income of the corporation or company issuing it, and the interest of which is to be paid from the earnings of the company before any dividends are made to stockholders; -- issued chiefly or exclusively by railroad companies. -- Income tax, a tax upon a person's incomes, emoluments, profits, etc., or upon the excess beyond a certain amount.
Syn. -- Gain; profit; proceeds; salary; revenue; receipts; interest; emolument; produce.
Income Distribution • Income Generation Programs • Income Tax • Income Taxes • income bond • income bracket • income group • income in addition to normal pay • income parity • income policy • income stabilisation • income statement • income tax • income tax bracket • income tax form • income tax return • income-tax return • lose income • national income • personal income • tax income
distribution of income • farm income • farmers' income • guaranteed income • household income • income in addition to normal pay • income stabilisation • investment income • low income • national income • overlapping of income • personal income tax • redistribution of income • subsistence level income • supplementary income • tax on employment income • tax on income • tax on investment income • taxable income
Abolition of Income Tax and Usury Party • Absolute income hypothesis • Accumulated other comprehensive income • Aggregate income • American Income Life Insurance Company • Arguments that the income tax is invalid • Assignment of income doctrine • Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped • Basic income • Basic income in the Netherlands • Boyd Group Income Fund • Cancellation of Debt (COD) Income • Capital Power Income L.P. • Character (income tax) • Citizen's income • Colorado counties ranked by per capita income • Complete income reporters • Comprehensive Income Policy Agreement • Comprehensive income • Comprehensive income (accounting) • Current solar income • Debt-to-income ratio • Deferred income • Disposable Income (album) • Disposable and discretionary income • Distribution of income • Double Income, No Kids Yet • Dunedin Income Growth Investment Trust • Earned Income Tax Credit • Efficient Taxation of Income • Employee Retirement Income Security Act • Equity in income of affiliates • Factor income • Family Income Benefit Insurance • Family income • Filing Status (federal income tax) • Fixed income • Fixed income research • Fixed-income relative-value investing • Foreign Accrual Property Income • Foreign earned income exclusion • Fraud of the federal income tax • German income approach • Gross domestic income • Gross income • Gross mixed income • Gross national income • Guaranteed minimum income • Haig-Simons income • High income economy • Highest income counties in the United States • Highest income places in the United States • Highest-income ZCTAs in the United States • Highest-income counties in the United States • Highest-income metropolitan statistical areas in the United States • Highest-income urban areas in the United States • Household income • Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey • Households Below Average Income • IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance Program • Imputed Income • Income Property • Income Shares • Income Support • Income Tax Act 1842 • Income Tax Amendments Act, 2006 • Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 • Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 • Income Tax Sappy • Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1970 • Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 • Income approach • Income bracket • Income deficit • Income disparity in Malaysia • Income distribution • Income earner • Income effect • Income in India • Income in the United Kingdom • Income in the United States • Income inequality metrics • Income protection insurance • Income segregation • Income splitting • Income statement • Income tax • Income tax and gambling losses • Income tax deduction • Income tax in Australia • Income tax in India • Income tax in the Netherlands • Income tax in the United States • Income tax rates in the united states • Income taxes in Canada • Income yield • Independent income • Individual income tax • Individual income tax in Singapore • Interdealer Brokers in the Fixed Income Markets • Interstate Income Act of 1959 • Iowa locations by per captia income • Jazz Air Income Fund • Journal of Fixed Income • Just Energy Income Fund • Kepner Income Tax • Law that states that Americans are required to pay direct income tax from their labor • Life-cycle Income Hypothesis • Lifetime income tax • List of U.S. states by median income • List of countries by income equality • List of countries by income equality (2004) • List of countries by income inequality • List of countries by per capita personal income • List of places in Maryland by per capita income • Local income tax (Scotland) • Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program • Low Income Housing Institute • Low-Income Countries Under Stress • Low-Income Housing Tax Credit • Lowest income counties in the United States • Luxembourg Income Study • Male–female income disparity in the United States • Massachusetts State Income Tax Repeal Initiative • Measure of national income • Measure of national income and output • Measures of national income and output • Median household income • Median household income in Australia and New Zealand • Median income per household member • Modified adjusted gross income • Monthly income preferred stock • Murray Income Trust • National Council of Unions of the Industrial and Lower Income Group of Government Workers • National Income and Product Accounts • National income • Negative income tax • Net income • Net income attributable • Net income per employee • Net interest income • Net national income • New Hampshire communities by household income • No Income No Asset • No law requiring U.S. citizens to pay federal income tax • Off-farm income • Operating Income Before Depreciation and Amortization • Ordinary income • Panel Study of Income Dynamics • Papal income tax • Passive income • Pennsylvania counties by per capita income • Per capita income • Per capita personal income in the United States • Permanent income hypothesis • Personal Income • Personal income in the United States • Private income • Pro capite income • Qualified Production Activities Income • Rate schedule (federal income tax) • Real income • Realty Income Corporation • Registered Retirement Income Fund • Relative income hypothesis • Residual income • Sources of income • Starting rate of UK income tax • Stated income loan • States of the United States of America by income • Status-income disequilibrium • Sun Gro Horticulture Income Fund • Supplemental Security Income • Survey of Income and Program Participation • Sustainable national income • Target income sales • Taxable income • Taxation of illegal income in the United States • TerraVest Income Fund • The fraud of the 16th Amendment and personal income tax • The fraud of the federal income tax • The fraud of the personal income tax • The law that imposes a tax on the income of Americans • The law that states that Americans are required to pay direct income tax from their labor • There is no law requiring an income tax • There is no law that makes anyone liable to pay an income tax • There is no law that makes you liable to pay an income tax • There is no law that requires most Americans to pay an income tax • There is no law that requires most Americans to pay income taxes • Total personal income • U.S. per capita income by ancestry • Unearned income • Uniform Principal and Income Act • United States House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Income Security and Family Support • United States foreign born per capita income • Which law requires Americans to pay direct income tax on their labor • Why the federal income tax is illegal • Working Party on the Reorganisation of the Income Tax Act 1976 • Yellow Pages Income Fund
General Social Development and Population, Sociology - Biological Characteristics, Biologic Characteristic, Characteristic, Biologic, Characteristics, Biological, Heterogeneity, Low Fertility Population, Population at Risk, Population Characteristics, Population Heterogeneity, Populations at Risk, Population Statistics - Capital, Conditions, Economic, Consumer Price Index, Consumption, Cost of Living, Development, Economic, Easterlin Hypothesis, Economic Conditions, Economic Development, Economic Factors, Economic Policies, Economic Policy, Economic Recession, Economics, Economics, Home, Factors, Economic, Gross National Product, Home Economics, Household Consumption, Macroeconomic Factors, Microeconomic Factors, Policies, Economic, Policy, Economic, Production, Recession, Economic, Remittances, Utility Theory[Hyper.]
Income (n.) [MeSH]
ce qui est énoncé, exigible et permis par le Droit (fr)[ClasseParExt.]
ce qui .. (fr)[Classe...]
income; wage; wages; personal income[ClasseHyper.]
disburse, pay out[Nominalisation]
drop, expend, spend[Dérivé]
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Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified time frame, which is generally expressed in monetary terms. However, for households and individuals, "income is the sum of all the wages, salaries, profits, interests payments, rents and other forms of earnings received... in a given period of time." For firms, income generally refers to net-profit: what remains of revenue after expenses have been subtracted. In the field of public economics, it may refer to the accumulation of both monetary and non-monetary consumption ability, the former being used as a proxy for total income.
In consumer theory 'income' is another name for the "budget constraint," an amount to be spent on different goods x and y in quantities and at prices and . The basic equation for this is
This equation implies two things. First buying one more unit of good x implies buying less units of good y. So, is the relative price of a unit of x as to the number of units given up in y. Second, if the price of x falls for a fixed , then its relative price falls. The usual hypothesis is that the quantity demanded of x would increase at the lower price, the law of demand. The generalization to more than two goods consists of modelling y as a composite good.
The theoretical generalization to more than one period is a multi-period wealth and income constraint. For example the same person can gain more productive skills or acquire more productive income-earning assets to earn a higher income. In the multi-period case, something might also happen to the economy beyond the control of the individual to reduce (or increase) the flow of income. Changing measured income and its relation to consumption over time might be modeled accordingly, such as in the permanent income hypothesis.
Full income refers to the accumulation of both, monetary and non-monetary consumption ability of any given entity, such a person or household. According to the what economist Nicholas Barr describes as the "classical definition of income:" the 1938 Haig-Simons definition, "income may be defined as the... sum of (1) the market value of rights exercised in consumption and (2) the change in the value of the store of property rights..." Since the consumption potential of non-monetary goods, such as leisure, cannot be measured, monetary income may be thought of as a proxy for full income. As such, however, it is criticized for being unreliable, i.e. failing to accurately reflect affluence and that is consumption opportunities of any given agent. It omits the utility a person may derive from non-monetary income and, on a macroeconomic level, fails to accurately chart social welfare. According to Barr, "in practice money income as a proportion of total income varies widely and unsystematically. Non-observability of full-income prevent a complete characterization of the individual opportunity set, forcing us to use the unreliable yardstick of money income." On the macro-economic level, national per-capita income, increases with the consumption of activities that produce harm and omits many variables of societal health.
Income inequality refers to the extent to which income is distributed in an uneven manner. Within a society can be measured by various methods, including the Lorenz curve and the Gini coefficient. Economists generally agree that certain amounts of inequality are necessary and desirable but that excessive inequality leads to efficiency problems and social injustice.
National income, measured by statistics such as the Net National Income (NNI), measures the total income of individuals, corporations, and government in the economy. For more information see measures of national income and output.
Some scholars have come to the conclusion that material progress and prosperity, as manifested in continuous income growth at both individual and national level, provide the indispensable foundation for sustaining any kind of morality. This argument was explicitly given by Adam Smith in his Theory of Moral Sentiments, and has more recently been developed by Harvard economist Benjamin Friedman in his book The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth.
The International Accounting Standards Board uses this definition:
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|→||farm income • incomes policy • investment income • national income • subsistence level income • tax on income|
|↘||compulsory saving • distribution of income • household budget • household income • overlapping of income • purchasing power • redistribution of income • savings • social transfers • standard of living|